Loading docks make the challenge of bridging the gap between the truck bed and the dock opening or warehouse floor. There are many different types of used dock equipment that help achieve this, such as used dock plates, dock boards, dock levelers, edge of dock levelers, and yard ramps. Each has a specific function, so it is important to know what they do to be certain you pick out the proper piece of equipment.
Used dock plates are typically made of aluminum, with capacities ranging from 1,500 to 5,000 lbs. They contain no guide rails, so they are usually used for hand picking operations. For a more durable piece of dock equipment that can handle lift equipment, you should consider dock boards instead. Used dock boards contain sidewalls to prevent runoff, and the diamond plated decking helps keep traction. It is important to get the proper width of dock board, which is at least 8 inches wider than width of the equipment (if it’s manually powered). For powered lift equipment, the width should be at least 16 inches wider than the width of the equipment.
There are also used rail dock boards, which bridge the gap between a railway boxcar and a loading dock. These dock boards lock into place against the dock, and their capacities can be as high as 80,000 lbs. They also contain side rails to help keep workers and equipment safe.
Unlike used dock plates and dock boards which can be moved and aren’t secured, used edge of dock levelers are attached to the dock. They are installed onto the loading dock, and the pitch of the leveler can be adjusted to meet the height of the truck bed. Their capacities can go up to 15,000 lbs., so they can be utilized with lift equipment, such as forklifts and pallet jacks.
Used dock levelers sit on the ground and raise up to the height of the truck bed and loading dock. They have a much higher capacity than edge of dock levelers, but are also much heavier and less portable. Also referred to as pit levelers, used dock levelers are contained within the recess between the dock and the truck bed.
Used yard ramps are unique because they allow for floor to dock applications, and they are portable. They can have up to a 25,000 lb. capacity, so they are able to handle forklifts and other heavy lift equipment. Made of an all welded steel construction, used yard ramps are the solution for portable loading and unloading applications.